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George Arthur was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land in 1823 and took office on 14 May 1824. For the next 12 years he was responsible for the Colony, separated from New South Wales the following year. This was longer than most Governors served, but in 1836, Arthur's autocratic and authoritarian rule led to his recall. By this time he was one of the wealthiest men in the Colony. This portrait of Governor Arthur is from a wood engraving by William Macleod for the second volume of the Picturesque Atlas of Australasia.